If you have to build a medieval castle for school there are two very important things that you have to cover. First off you have to make a nice looking castle. But secondly and more importantly you have to know about the various parts of the castle and why they were built the way they were build.
As a good example of this you probably know that a medieval castle often had a moat of water around it. And you probably think that this moat made it difficult for attackers to get at the castle. But this isn't the real reason for the moat! The real reason was to prevent attackers from digging a tunnel under the castle! The moat would collapse the tunnel and fill it with water.
Overall there are some amazing things about the building of a medieval castle and I will help you make the castle and explain different important things about it.
There are two parts to this project. The fact sheet that tells about castles and the building of the cardboard castle. Both parts are below. Feel free to use all of this information for your school project.
First let's build the castle. On my other website is a complete tutorial on how to make a paper castle out of cereal boxes. Here is a picture. Bookmark this page, then go to that page and build the castle. All you need is some bathroom tissue tubes or paper towel tubes and some cereal boxes. Then come back to this page for the information about castles and why they were built the way they were built.
Project: Here is a nice little project that you can make. It is a paper medieval castle and it comes with all the instructions and drawings so you can print it out and make it yourself. Easy and fun project with a fact sheet that tells all about the parts of a castle. All you need is some glue and some cereal boxes. Make a Medieval Paper Castle
THE FACT SHEET
Here is some important information about the various parts of a castle and what they did.
Medieval Castles were an architectural style that developed of several hundred years during the Middle Ages. They were a necessity to keep the people inside safe from enemies and they developed many ingenious ways of defense.
The Moat: Castles often had a moat around them. But this wasn’t because it made it hard to cross over. The moats main purpose was to prevent enemies from tunneling under the castle. The water would flood any attempted tunnels.
The Gatehouse: The front door of any castle was usually the weakest point and the gatehouse was a way to fix this problem. It was very strongly built, with thick walls and often had a series of doors and gates. If an enemy broke through the first door they were in a little chamber where the castle residents could throw projectiles and fire arrows down on them. The gatehouse was a very big trap!
The Round Towers: In later centuries of castle making they made the towers round and this was a big advantage because the people in the towers had a better view of the ground. Square towers caused corners that couldn’t be looked around.
The tall thin windows: These were made so defenders could shoot arrows and still remain reasonably protected from attack.
The Big Tower Keep: This was a strong safe building inside the castle and was the last resort where the castle inhabitants would go if the outer castle wall was breached.
The Battlements along the top of the walls: These strange tooth shapes at the top of the castle walls were very important. It allowed people to stand on the wall, look down, fire arrows and still be protected.
Drawbridge - This was a wooden bridge in front of the main gate of the castle. In the early centuries of castles it was moved horizontal to the ground and in the later centuries it was built so it could raise up in a hinged fashion.